Know more

About cookies

What is a "cookie"?

A "cookie" is a piece of information, usually small and identified by a name, which may be sent to your browser by a website you are visiting. Your web browser will store it for a period of time, and send it back to the web server each time you log on again.

Different types of cookies are placed on the sites:

  • Cookies strictly necessary for the proper functioning of the site
  • Cookies deposited by third party sites to improve the interactivity of the site, to collect statistics

Learn more about cookies and how they work

The different types of cookies used on this site

Cookies strictly necessary for the site to function

These cookies allow the main services of the site to function optimally. You can technically block them using your browser settings but your experience on the site may be degraded.

Furthermore, you have the possibility of opposing the use of audience measurement tracers strictly necessary for the functioning and current administration of the website in the cookie management window accessible via the link located in the footer of the site.

Technical cookies

Name of the cookie


Shelf life

CAS and PHP session cookies

Login credentials, session security



Saving your cookie consent choices

12 months

Audience measurement cookies (AT Internet)

Name of the cookie


Shelf life


Trace the visitor's route in order to establish visit statistics.

13 months


Store the anonymous ID of the visitor who starts the first time he visits the site

13 months


Identify the numbers (unique identifiers of a site) seen by the visitor and store the visitor's identifiers.

13 months

About the AT Internet audience measurement tool :

AT Internet's audience measurement tool Analytics is deployed on this site in order to obtain information on visitors' navigation and to improve its use.

The French data protection authority (CNIL) has granted an exemption to AT Internet's Web Analytics cookie. This tool is thus exempt from the collection of the Internet user's consent with regard to the deposit of analytics cookies. However, you can refuse the deposit of these cookies via the cookie management panel.

Good to know:

  • The data collected are not cross-checked with other processing operations
  • The deposited cookie is only used to produce anonymous statistics
  • The cookie does not allow the user's navigation on other sites to be tracked.

Third party cookies to improve the interactivity of the site

This site relies on certain services provided by third parties which allow :

  • to offer interactive content;
  • improve usability and facilitate the sharing of content on social networks;
  • view videos and animated presentations directly on our website;
  • protect form entries from robots;
  • monitor the performance of the site.

These third parties will collect and use your browsing data for their own purposes.

How to accept or reject cookies

When you start browsing an eZpublish site, the appearance of the "cookies" banner allows you to accept or refuse all the cookies we use. This banner will be displayed as long as you have not made a choice, even if you are browsing on another page of the site.

You can change your choices at any time by clicking on the "Cookie Management" link.

You can manage these cookies in your browser. Here are the procedures to follow: Firefox; Chrome; Explorer; Safari; Opera

For more information about the cookies we use, you can contact INRAE's Data Protection Officer by email at or by post at :


24, chemin de Borde Rouge -Auzeville - CS52627 31326 Castanet Tolosan cedex - France

Last update: May 2021

Menu Logo Principal

International Association on Work in Agriculture

Workshop Transversal views of work in agriculture - Maringa, Brazil - 2018

Workshop Transversal views of work in agriculture - Maringa, Brazil - 2018

In November 2018 was held at the State University of Maringa, Maringa, Brazil, the international workshop Transversal Views of Work in Agriculture. It was the first official event organized for IAWA Steering Committee. Researchers, experts, advisors, students and farmers were among the 112 participants. English were the official language, but Portuguese, French and Spanish were spoke as well, since participants came from Brazil, Argentina, France, Belgium, Senegal, Australia and USA.

Invited speakers

The participants were motivated to discuss about the different facets of work and how complex are their interactions. The starting point was the hypothesis that a territorial approach of work could be the basis to build a multi-perspective framework to analyse work at territorial level and link results with development schemes.

The aim of the workshop was to bring together researchers from different disciplines and nationalities to build an interdisciplinary framework based on different views to analyse work in agriculture at a territorial level. The specifically aims were:

  • To understand the main characteristics of work at territorial level;
  • To identify the drivers impacting work;
  • To identify the conditions for a sustainable work.
Benoît and Sandra - The bosses

Every participant worked hard during the four days’ workshop to accomplish the intense schedule alternating plenary and close sections, and a field trip. All participants had access to the plenary sections during the day, presentations and round tables were the basis to launch the discussions between invited speakers and the public.  At the first day, after the opening ceremony, Benoît Dedieu (IAWA president, INRA-France) introduced the organisation and aims of workshop, as well as interesting numbers about agricultural employment around the world. In the afternoon, Priscila Malanski (IAWA executive secretary, INRA-France) presented an international review of the main scientific communities that have performed the most relevant research related to work in agriculture over the past 10 years: ergonomics, agricultural economics, livestock farming systems, rural sociology and agricultural policy.

The second and third days were dedicated to the round tables:

  • Round table 1 - Elements for the description of work at the territorial level (employment; employees; working styles and professional identities) – Invited speakers: G. Neiman (Argentina), A. Diao Camara (Senegal), R. Nettle (Australia); Moderator : Z. Benavides (Brazil); Reporter: P. Malanski (France)
  • Round table  2 -  The drivers of change of work: from past to future (Farm models ;  rural development schemes; market; innovations) – Invited speakers: S. Schiavi (Brazil), E. Serra (Brazil), B. Dedieu (France); Moderator: F. Kanashiro (Brazil); Reporter: C. Senger (Brazil) 
  • Round table 3 - The conditions for a sustainable work in the future (Social inclusion in territories; collective action within territories; empowerment of actors; new extension methodologies) - Invited speakers: S. Cournut (France), S. Lloyd (USA), M. Cassandre (Brazil); Moderator : M. Lopez (Brazil); Reporter: A. Dumont (Belgium) 
Advisors of Emater

Advisors of EMATER (Brazilian public advisory services) introduced the characteristics of AMUSEP, selected for the field trip, which is an administrative rural territory near the metropolitan zone of Maringa.

Three farms were visited, all three mostly relying in family work (the couple): a diversified farm producing milk, cheese, maize, and vegetables sold in farmers’ market; and 2 specialized silk farms with impressive work organization to deal with constraints of time, workforce and technical management of caterpillars’ lifecycle - it have to eat eight times a day before becoming a cocoon!!!!! In addition, an enquiry were realized with dairy chain’s actors and key agents.

Caterpilars and cocoons
Closed section

Every evening, researchers worked in closed sections to identify the guidelines to build the framework. Participative methodology and motivated researchers from different realities and disciplines were the keys to make a creative and productive work group. The summary of discussions pointed that the focus of territorial analysis of work were shift to conditions for a sustainable work in agriculture.

The “objective work” and the “subjective work” are categories we have to consider to identity the conditions for a sustainable work. It is like an umbrella that supports the many dimensions of work.  The “objective work” category assembly dimensions related to factual, material, measurable factors, such as employment, working conditions, work organization, working hours, work productivity, work flexibility, diversity of workers (farmers/ employees; men/women; children/youth/elder; native/migrant), human resources (education; job position; skills; career), health, security and decent work. Instead, the “subjective work” category assembly dimensions related to immaterial, personal, qualitative factors, such as professional identity, satisfaction, motivations, aspirations.


All these objective and subjective dimensions of work are framed by social, economic, political, technological and environmental conditions that regulate, incentives, subsides work at farm level and beyond farm level (territory, community…). It means that these are drivers of changes of conditions for sustainable work.

A collective article will be published to present the basis of the framework.

See also